Rudolph Johann Cardinal of Habsburg-Lorraine (1788–1831)
Grandson of Maria Theresa, Archduke of Austria, Crown Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Cardinal, Archbishop of Olomouc in 1819–1831, disciple of Ludwig van Beethoven, enthusiastic composer and talented musician, supporter of industry, lover of art and books, skilled painter and attentive gardener.
He advocated the return of the university to Olomouc at the Viennese imperial court in 1827 and initiated the planting of alleys that now form the basis of city parks and orchards. He helped in flourishing the theater and generously supported the construction of the municipal theater (1830, the current Moravian Theater). In 1828, he founded the Vítkovice Ironworks. He also organized weekly public concerts in his residence.
Archbishop Rudolph died in Baden and was buried in a Capuchin tomb in Vienna, but his heart was placed in the crypt of the cathedral of St. Wenceslas in Olomouc.